ANNIESART Federal Umthetho ka- Kwi-Consumer Protection - Isemthethweni Ingcebiso Kumbindi Mpuma

Federal Umthetho Hayi Kuya comprise abameli ka-consumer protection iimbumbano Isigqibo iya kukhutshwa Libhunga lomgaqo-Mphathiswa kuba umgaqo-siseko ka-Ikomiti kwaye determination yayo competenciesKwimeko apho mbhodamo ihlale ngexesha elingelilo lokuhlala okanye iimeko kwindawo yentengiso ukuze babe negalelo i-abnormal ukwanda amaxabiso, Umphathiswa, phezu recommendation evela Kwikomiti, uya ukuthatha nemigaqo-nkqubo umda oku kwanda, ukhusele kubathengi' umdla kwaye ingabi kubenza na kwenzakala.

I-Ukuphumeza Umyalelo ukuba lo Mthetho uya abonise isiseko nemigaqo-nkqubo ye-determination ka-nokuba lithatyathwa abnormal ukwanda amaxabiso kwaye monopolies kwiimeko apho ezithile amanyathelo kufuneka yamkelwa kulo mba.

A icandelo uya kubekwa phezulu Ebufundisini phantsi igama 'Umthengi Umyalelo wokhuselo Isebe' kwaye uya ukuzithwala ngaphandle zilandelayo competencies: umthengisi ulindeleke ukuba babuyele okanye ukutshintsha impahla kwimeko apho nawuphi na yomonakalo bamfumana yi-consumer enjalo kubuyela okanye exchange uya kuba bamthwala ngaphandle pursuant ukuba imigaqo kugqitywe kwi-ukuphumeza umyalelo kulo Mthetho. I-umthengisi kufuneka kubonisa, imidlalo, ukukhuthaza okanye akwazi ukufikelela kwinani naziphi na izinto okanye iinkonzo eziya adulterated, putrid okanye olahlekisayo ekusenokwenzeka ukuba inflict umonakalo kwi-consumer inzala okanye lezempilo yobomi nokuqheleka ukusetyenziswa. Ngaphandle zibeke kwindawo wagqitywa ka-afanelekileyo nemithetho nemiqathango, umthengisi, xa umnikelo naziphi na izinto kuba circulation, kufuneka conspicuously affix yayo kwi-phantsi okanye impahla, a equka ulwazi malunga izinto' uhlobo kwaye indalo, ukwakhiwa, imveliso igama, imveliso okanye packaging umhla, net umlinganiselo, lokuzalwa kunye ilizwe kumazwe angaphandle kweli (ukuba ikhona), izikhokelo kuba sebenzisa (ukuba kuyenzeka) kwaye umhla wokuphelelwa, kunye ufakelo a uluhlu oluneenkcukacha ngaphakathi impahla kwi-Arabic ulwimi malunga izinto ukwakhiwa kwaye zokucacisa, izikhokelo kuba sebenzisa, imingcipheko kunye nolunye ulwazi, ngendlela agqibe yi-Ukuphumeza Umyalelo kulo Mthetho. I-umthengisi xa ubonisa naziphi na izinto kuba urhwebo ulindeleke ukuba abhale phantsi yayo ixabiso i-obvious ifomu okanye akwazi ukufikelela kwinani ngayo a conspicuous ifomu kwi-ndawo apho impahla iboniswa. I-consumer linelungelo ukuze ufumane ebhalwe ezithengiweyo ezirhafelwayo ezibandakanya i-zokucacisa izinto uhlobo kwaye ixabiso naziphi na ezinye iinkcukacha kugqitywe nge - Ukuphumeza Umyalelo kulo Mthetho. I-umthengisi uya kuba netyala kuba nawuphi na umonakalo resultant ukususela ukusetyenziswa okanye ukusetyenziswa kwamanzi kwempahla kwaye kanjalo kuya kuba netyala kuba non-ubonelelo kubasindisa imimandla kuba durable impahla ngaphakathi ochaziweyo ngokwe xesha, kuba nokungabikho iziqinisekiso nokuba yapapashwa okanye ekuvunyelwene ngalo phezu kunye yabathengi, pursuant ukuba imigaqo esikhutshwe isigqibo ukusuka Umphathiswa. Ukuba izinto ingaba ngaphakathi kuwo, kuya kubakho edibeneyo eyimali phakathi wonke nomthengisi bafanele ukubonisa kuba yintoni ngaphambili ezikhankanyiweyo.

I-umthengisi uya isiqinisekiso, umgaqo-conformity kwempahla okanye neenkonzo ezinikezelwe kuba umthengi ukuba bazise ikuvumile esezantsi izikhankanyi kwaye uya kuba netyala kuba non-ngqwalaselo ka-nemiqathango enxulumene uluntu impilo nokhuseleko. Ngaphandle ukumona kubonelelo Federal Umthetho Hayi ka- Malunga Regulation of Trade Ndawo yayo, izilungiso kuwo, wonke urhwebo okanye iarhente umsasazi ezifunekayo ukuphumeza zonke iziqinisekiso wanikela yi-wonke okanye iarhente ukuba izinto injongo ye-arhente.

Ukuba uphumezo i-iziqinisekiso kumiselweyo kumgaqo-awandulela isiqendu kufuna ixesha kwi-eninzi two weeks, uya kanjalo kufuneka anike efanayo impahla kuba consumer ukusebenzisa ngaphandle kwentlawulo de iarhente ukuphumeza ezi iziqinisekiso. Wonke umthengisi ulindeleke ukuba ziquka wakhe izivumelwano i-obligation ka-nokulungisa, ulondolozo okanye emva ziyathengiswa inkonzo kwaye kubuyela impahla ngaphakathi ochaziweyo ixesha umda emva yomonakalo wenziwe bamfumana.

Inkonzo umthengisi ulindeleke ukuba isiqinisekiso inkonzo rendered ngaye kuba ixesha ngendlela eyiyo kuthathelwa ingqalelo uhlobo le nkonzo ngenye indlela, lowo kufuneka kubuyela imali ehlawulweyo yi-nkonzo lomamkeli okanye yenza kwakhona zenkonzo elisebenzayo hlobo.

I-Ukuphumeza Umyalelo ukuba lo Mthetho uya ibeka iintlobo ezininzi ezonakeleyo iinkonzo kwaye ithuba isiqinisekiso kugqitywe kuba ngamnye kubo.

Nayiphi na umthengisi akavumelekanga ukuba fihla naziphi na izinto okanye ukuziphatha ngendlela evela bathengise ngazo aiming ukulawula ummandla wentengiso ixabiso okanye ukunyanzela ukuthenga ethile quantities okanye ukuthenga kwezinye izinto kunye nabo okanye kufumana ixabiso ngaphezulu kunokuba yapapashwa kwexabiso.

Ngaphandle ukumona ukuba izibonelelo zilandelayo ezimbini Amanqaku lo Mthetho ngokuphathelele consumer amalungelo, wonke umthengisi ngoko nangoko emva discovering na yomonakalo kwi-izinto okanye inkonzo xa izinto okanye inkonzo phezu yayo efanelekileyo sebenzisa babe injure umthengi, kufuneka azise Kwisebe, amaqela abachaphazelekayo kwaye umthengi ka-kwezo meko umonakalo othe kwaye precautionary amanyathelo pursuant nokuba ngu-kugqitywe nge - Ukuphumeza Umyalelo kulo Mthetho. I-Consumer linelungelo lokufumana ukuhlawulwa lwesiqu okanye imathiriyali umonakalo othe pursuant jikelele imigaqo ihlala isebenza na isivumelwano ukuba ephikisana uya kuba null kwaye boolean. Isebe liya bonwabele isemthethweni umthamo ukumela consumer phambi Iinkundla kwaye phambi naliphi na umntu omiselwe ngumthetho. Ngaphandle ukumona ukuba amaqela' amalungelo resort ukuba Iinkundla, Isebe babe ukusungula na septemba enxulumene kubathengi' umyalelo wokhuselo, grievance ngokuchasene yayo izigqibo zibe zingeniswe kule meko ukuba Umphathiswa. Ngaphandle ukumona na severer esangezelelweyo misela phambili ngo na omnye umthetho, nabani na breaches nezibonelelo hereof uya kuba sentenced njengokulandelayo. Fines misela ngaphambili lokulingana leli Nqaku liya kuba uyiphinde kabini kwimeko phindo efanayo utyeshelo lomgaqo-ungaphelanga unyaka ukususela perpetration wangaphambili utyeshelo lomgaqo, ngaphandle kokuba isohlwayo ngokungabikho ayikho ngaphantsi kwesiqingatha elixeliweyo ceil emva uphindo i-fines.

Ngo ngenxa a Ikhabhinethi Isisombululo, kwaye phezu proposal ka-Umphathiswa, utyeshelo lomgaqo-ukuze babe phantsi conciliation kwaye sum ukuba kuhlawulwa yi-violating iqela kwimeko nganye iya kubonelelwa, ngaphandle kokuba enjalo isixa akusebenzi zingaphezu ubukhulu isixa misela phambili apha.

Kufuneka violating iqela walile i-conciliation, utyeshelo lomgaqo-baya ke isiwe-wonke prosecution kuba efanelekileyo komlinganiselo. Ikhabhinethi uya kukhupha a isisombululo kumiselwa kuyimfuneko izithintelo nemigaqo-nkqubo ye-ugqibo ye-conciliation, ngokunjalo imigaqo nemiqathango lokwenza isicelo salo kwi-yolwaphulo-mthetho perpetrated ngaphakathi umda we-izibonelelo hereof. Ngaphaya koko, Umphathiswa uya kukhupha a isigqibo ngalo conciliation iikomiti ingaba bamisela kwi imboniselo ka-usenza izibonelelo aforementioned ikhabhinethi isisombululo.

Inkundla, kwimeko apho conviction nakweziphi yolwaphulo-mthetho comprised kwi-imimiselo yalo Mthetho, kwaye ukongeza kwi - emiselwe esangezelelweyo unokugqiba ukuba confiscate okanye atshabalalise imveliso injongo ye-ulwaphulo-mthetho kwaye mathiriyali kwaye izixhobo asetyenziswa yayo imveliso.

I-Ukuphumeza Umyalelo ukuba lo Mthetho uya isigqibo iindidi kwaye amathuba kuyimfuneko ukuba rectify i-kwiimeko luthobela izibonelelo lo Mthetho. Umphathiswa kwimeko apho i-non-rectification ye-kwiimeko, emva elapse ye-kugqitywe xesha, uya kuyeka ziko ukusuka oqhuba yayo umsebenzi kuba ngeveki enye ngexesha kakhulu kwaye jonga lo mba Enkundleni malunga closure kwelo ziko kwaye ukulahlwa izinto injongo ka-utyeshelo lomgaqo. I-amagosa ngubani amagama abo bamele kugqitywe nge isigqibo ukusuka Umphathiswa wobulungisa kwi-unxulumano oluqhubekayo nentsebenziswano kunye Umphathiswa kwaye linalo igunya-mandla, uya kuba matyala umthamo kuba liqinisekise yolwaphulo-mthetho wanikela kwi-utyeshelo lomgaqo-kubonelelo lo Mthetho kwaye izigqibo ekhutshwe kulo mba. Ezi amagosa anelungelo kovavanyo onke amaxwebhu kwaye zizenzo eziqulatho oqhuba imisebenzi yabo. Ngaphandle ukumona yamazwe ngamazwe conventions kwaye izivumelwano apho Urhulumente ingaba iqela, Ibhunga-Mphathiswa babe exempt ukususela ukunyanzeliswa ezinye izibonelelo lo ngumthetho i-ilungelelaniswe isigqibo esikhutshwe naye phezu proposal ka-Umphathiswa. Ibhunga lomgaqo-Mphathiswa uya kukhupha i-Ukuphumeza Umyalelo kubonelelo lo Mthetho, Umphathiswa uya kukhupha ezifunekayo izigqibo kuba oku ukumiselwa.

Lo Mthetho ziya kupapashwa kwi-Esemthethweni Gazette kwaye uya kuza kuyo umkhosi iinyanga ezintathu emva yayo ukupapashwa.